ACLU Strongly Refutes Cheney's Comments Alleging No Abuses Under the Patriot Act
ACLU Has Two Lawsuits Pending Against the Patriot Act
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
NEW YORK – The American Civil Liberties Union strongly refuted comments made today about the Patriot Act by Vice President Richard Cheney, who told an audience in Kansas City, Missouri that no abuses under the Patriot Act have been reported or confirmed.
“”The Vice President’s recklessness with the facts on the Patriot Act is deeply troubling,”” said Anthony Romero, Executive Director of the ACLU. “”The White House is waging a disinformation war about the Patriot Act while support grows among conservatives, libertarians and liberals to fix about a dozen controversial provisions in the law.””
The ACLU has advocated for specific changes to provisions of the Patriot Act that undermine Americans’ constitutional rights. The ACLU currently has two lawsuits pending that challenge provisions of the Patriot Act that allow the FBI to demand personal records without constitutional safeguards. In one case, the ACLU is representing a ‘John Doe’ Internet Service Provider, who has not disclosed information because of a broad Patriot ‘gag order.’
In a related matter, the Las Vegas Review Journal reported after the 2004 holiday season that the government had demanded travel and hotel records of close to 300,000 Las Vegas tourists in the weeks before the New Year. The Journal reported that the records were seized pursuant to National Security Letters under the Patriot Act.
While the Patriot Act expanded the scope of National Security Letters so they could be used not just against the target of an investigation, but also against anyone connected to that target, a subsequent intelligence spending bill provided for NSL use against casinos.
The ACLU’s rebuttal to the main myths of how the Patriot Act protects Americans from terror follows:
Point-by-Point Rebuttal of George Bush’s speech in Buffalo NY, April 22, 2004
“”By the way, the reason I bring up the Patriot Act, it’s set to expire next year. I’m starting a campaign to make it clear to members of Congress that it shouldn’t expire. It shouldn’t expire for the security of our country.””
Less that 10 percent of the Patriot Act expires; most of the law is permanent and those portions that do sunset will not do so until December 31, 2005.
“”And that changed, the law changed on- roving wiretaps were available for chasing down drug lords. They weren’t available for chasing down terrorists, see?””
Roving wiretaps were available prior to 9/11 against drug lords and terrorists. Prior to the law, the FBI could get a roving wiretap against both when it had probable cause of crime for a wiretap eligible offense. What the Patriot Act did is make roving wiretaps available in intelligence investigations supervised by the secret intelligence court without the judicial safeguards of the criminal wiretap statute.
“”?see, I’m not a lawyer, so it’s kind of hard for me to kind of get bogged down in the law. (Applause). I’m not going to play like one, either. (Laughter.) The way I viewed it, if I can just put it in simple terms, is that one part of the FBI couldn’t tell the other part of the FBI vital information because of the law. And the CIA and the FBI couldn’t talk.””
The CIA and the FBI could talk and did. As Janet Reno wrote in prepared testimony before the 9/11 commission, “”There are simply no walls or restrictions on sharing the vast majority of counterterrorism information. There are no legal restrictions at all on the ability of the members of the intelligence community to share intelligence information with each other.
“”With respect to sharing between intelligence investigators and criminal investigators, information learned as a result of a physical surveillance or from a confidential informant can be legally shared without restriction.
“”While there were restrictions placed on information gathered by criminal investigators as a result of grand jury investigations or Title III wire taps, in practice they did not prove to be a serious impediment since there was very little significant information that could not be shared.””
“”Thirdly, to give you an example of what we’re talking about, there’s something called delayed-notification search warrants. ? We couldn’t use these against terrorists [before the Patriot Act], but we could use against gangs.””
Delayed-notification – or so-called sneak-and-peek search warrants – were never limited to gangs. The circuit courts that had authorized them in limited circumstances prior to the Patriot Act did not limit the warrants to the investigation of gangs. In fact, terrorism or espionage investigators did not necessarily have to go through the criminal courts for a covert search – they could do so with even fewer safeguards against abuse by going to a top-secret foreign intelligence court in Washington.
For criminal sneak-and-peek warrants, the Patriot Act added a catch-all argument for prosecutors – if notice would delay prosecution or jeopardize an investigation – which makes these secret search warrants much easier to obtain.
The president’s sneak-and-peek misstatement clearly demonstrates that the Patriot Act is not limited to terrorism. In fact, many of the law’s expanded authorities can clearly be used outside the war on terrorism.
“”Judges need greater authority to deny bail to terrorists.””
The new presumptive detention that the president is proposing takes judicial authority away from the bail process. The presumption would take away the prosecution’s burden of showing that the accused is a danger or flight risk and instead puts it on the accused.
“”We’ll be watching the president’s and the vice president’s statements about the Patriot Act very closely, said Laura Murphy, the Director of the Washington office of the ACLU. “” But the White House is clearly fighting a losing, defensive battle for the Patriot Act.””
“”The White House is also clearly attempting to silence their critics within the Republican Party, who believe that the Patriot Act went too far, too fast,”” Murphy added.
For more information about the ACLU’s myths and facts on the Patriot Act go to: /patriot
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